The story behind Festival of Lights in India: Diwali


Diwali is the festival of lights. Connected to various religious events and deities, it commemorates the day when Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya. Religions like Jains and Sikhs also celebrate it. Jains celebrate Diwali as it marks the final salvation of Mahavira. Mughal prisons released Guru Hargobind.

How did the Festival of Lights start?

Diwali is celebrated in the Hindu months of Ashvin and Kartika, lasting for 5–6 days. Lord Krishna defeated Narakasura.  Rama returned to his kingdom along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman.  Ram defeated demon king Ravana after spending 14 years in exile.  The villagers living in Ayodhya lit up the road with lamps made out of clay. It is celebrated as good winning over evil.

Diwali has now become a festival where there are plenty of fireworks and lights. People burst crackers and decorate their houses with lights. Diwali means the festival of sweets.

  • It occurs on a non-moon light according to Hindu mythology, which is Amavasya. Kids burst firecrackers.
  • Diwali celebrates the birth of Lakshmi, who is the goddess of wealth for Hindus. Hindus offer prayers to the goddess Lakshmi for wealth. She is the wife of Vishnu and the daughter of the goddess Durga.
  • Diwali indicates the end of the harvest season. Farmers offer prayers and seek blessings from Mother Earth. They pray for a good harvest in the next season.
  • It includes the festival of Annakut. Annakut is the other name for Govardhan Puja, which means a mountain of food. The puja takes place on the fourth day of Diwali.


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