Title: The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
Author: Benjamin Franklin
Born in 1706 in Boston, Benjamin Franklin was the 15th of his father’s 17 children. He went to school as a child with the intent of becoming a minister, as his father, Josiah, intended. However, that idea did drop after Franklin show a keen interest in reading and writing. He was apprentice to his brother, James at a young age, but after fighting with his brother he quit the job and moved to Philadelphia, where he work for a man named Samuel Keimer.
After befriending some prominent political figures, including the Royal Governor, Franklin left for England, where he spent 18 months working for a printer with his friend James Ralph, with whom he later became estranged. Shortly after returning to America in 1726, Franklin formed a debating club called the Junto.
Two years later, he took over The Pennsylvania Gazette from Keimer and turned it into a successful publication with tools from London. In 1730, Franklin wed his old sweetheart, Deborah Read, with whom he had two children. The first, William Franklin, was born approximately one year later; he is the man to whom the Autobiography is addressed in Part One.
Throughout the 1730s, Franklin held some minor positions doing printing work for the government. In that time, he began Poor Richard’s Almanac and became postmaster of Philadelphia. Towards the end of the decade, he invented the Franklin stove. In the 1740s, Franklin worked on several projects, including the fire brigade, the police force, the University of Pennsylvania, the street sweeping service and some other smaller public works projects.
His thoughts about his retirement
He retired from the printing business in 1748 and began to conduct scientific experiments in lightning. In 1753, he was awarded honorary degrees from Harvard and Yale, and he became Postmaster General of America. The following year, when war broke out between England and France (the French and Indian War Franklin began to draft proposals outlining means by which funds could be raised for colonial defence.
He succeeded in many of his proposals, and he personally played a large part in organizing the war effort. The Autobiography, however, breaks off in 1757; it is left unfinished.
The Autobiography itself lay in three different times: 1771 in England, 1783-83 in France, and 1788 in America. If Franklin meant to complete it, he died before he got the chance.
Franklin wrote his autobiography over a 19 year period from 1771 to 1790. I found the language challenging to read in parts. It seems the level of language becomes more and more challenging as you go back in time in fifty-year increments.
I found The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin to be quite fascinating. The story that Franklin shared helped to fill a back story to history I learned in the classroom. This book strengthened my respect for this great statesman. If you enjoy reading about American history, I would recommend The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin.