His Early Life and Beliefs
Bhagat Singh was one of the most famous Indian revolutionaries in the freedom struggle. Born on September 27, 1907, in Lyallpur, western Punjab (now in Pakistan), Bhagat Singh was born and raised in a Sikh family. His father was Kishan Singh and his mother was Vidya Vat. He was the second son of his parents. Singh’s family deeply involved in political and freedom activities. His father was an ardent supporter of Mahatma Gandhi. After Gandhi declared boycotting government-aided institutions, at 13, Bhagat Singh left his school to participate in the Indian Freedom Struggle. Thereafter, he enrolled in the National College at Lahore. He studied European revolutionary movements at the college.
Bhagat Singh was a perfect amalgamation of socialism, humanism, and nationalism. However, as he grew older, he became discontented with Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movements. Singh believed that armed conflict was the only way to gain political freedom.
His Famous Quotes
Here is the list of some of Bhagat Singh’s famous quotes:
- “Zindgi to apne damm par hi jiyi jati hey..dusro k kandhe par tohh shirf janaje uthaye jate hey.”
- “Lovers, Lunatics, and poets are made of the same stuff.”
- “But man’s duty is to try and endeavor, success depends upon chance and environments.”
- “I am a man and all that affects mankind concerns me.”
Bhagat Singh Conviction and Death
Bhagat Singh participated in the murder of a junior British police officer named JP Saunders and an Indian head constable named Channan Singh. The move was in retaliation for the death of an Indian nationalist. From the Delhi jail, Bhagat Singh shifted to Central Jail Mianwali. At Central Jail, he noted discrimination between the European and Indian prisoners.
Bhagat Singh considered himself a political prisoner. Along with other self-identified Indian political prisoners, he started a hunger strike. The political prisoners demanded equality in food standards, clothing, toiletries, and other hygienic necessities. In addition to that, they demanded access to books and a daily newspaper.
On 23rd March 1931, Bhagat Singh was hanged at the age of 23. For the murder of JP Saunders, Rajguru and Sukhdev were convicted too. However, the man they wanted to kill was the superintendent of police, James Scott. James Scott ordered lathi-charge orders on the Anti-Simon commission protest. As a result, Lala Lajpat Rai got severely injured. Later, he succumbed to death on November 17, 1928.
While Bhagat Singh was in jail in the year 1930, he wrote the book Why I Am an Atheist? However,English Weekly The People published the essay after his death on 27 September 1931. If you wish to read this book, you can buy it online. Here’s the link: https://www.flipkart.com/am-atheist-other-works/p/itmc19b7a90975ef