It is normal to lose some hair from your scalp on a daily basis. However, if your hair is thinning or shedding more quickly than usual, you may be balding. But you’re not alone. The majority of people lose their hair as they age. It is frequently linked to genetics and the natural aging process.
In some cases, baldness is caused by an underlying medical condition. In this article, we’ll look at the various causes and symptoms of baldness. We’ll also go over treatment and prevention options for both men and women.
Baldness is caused by excessive hair loss on the head. The term “balding” most commonly refers to androgenetic alopecia, also known as male or female pattern hair loss.
The hair growth cycle is typically divided into three stages:
- Anagen period The anagen phase, or growing phase, of hair on the scalp lasts about 2 to 4 years. This phase represents approximately 90% of the hair on your scalp.
- Catagen period. Hair follicles shrink over 2 to 3 weeks during the catagen phase. It is also known as the transition period.
- Telogen stage After 3 to 4 months in the telogen phase, or resting phase, the hair sheds.
New hairs grow in when hair falls out at the end of the telogen phase. However, when there is more hair loss then growth, it causes balding.
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Causes of Balding
Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of baldness. Male pattern baldness is more commonly known in men. Female pattern baldness is the term used to describe this condition in women. According to the American Hair Loss Council, it is responsible for 95 percent of cases of permanent hair loss. This type of baldness isn’t always caused by a disease. It is a condition associated with:
Androgens are male hormones that are inherited during the normal aging process.
Genetics may influence key enzymes such as 5-alpha reductase, which converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, in the predisposing factors for androgenetic alopecia (DHT). Androgens are present in both hormones. When DHT levels rise, the hair follicle becomes more sensitive to DHT and shrinks. The anagen phase also shortens, causing hair to fall out earlier than usual.
Androgenetic alopecia typically develops gradually in both men and women. It causes a receding hairline and thinning at the crown of the head in men. These are typical symptoms of male pattern baldness. Women rarely experience receding hairlines. Instead, they mostly have thinning at the top of the scalp, which manifests as a widening hair part. Female pattern baldness is characterized by this.
How one can prevent baldness
Alding caused by genetics is unavoidable. However, the following tips can help you reduce your risk of other types of hair loss:
- Relax your hairstyle. Tight hairstyles, such as ponytails or braids, can cause hair follicle damage.
Reduce heat damage. Straighteners and curling irons, for example, can cause root damage.
- Massage the scalp. Recent research suggests that regular scalp massages may aid in hair growth. But don’t go overboard. Continuous rubbing and stress on your follicles may result in damage.
- Maintain a healthy diet. A diet deficient in a variety of nutrients may result in hair loss.
- Stop smoking. Some older research indicates a link between smoking and hair loss. Balding caused by genetics is unavoidable. Balding caused by genetics is unavoidable.